The sheep are large but docile.  The Dishley Leicester was created and bred by Robert Bakewell (1726-1795) by crossing the old lincolnshire breed with the leicestershire type sheep. The stable length of the fleece ranges from five to ten inches (12.5-25cm) with a numeric count of 36 to 48 which is 38.5 to 30.0 microns. Many farmers preferred the hardier redlegs and around 1850 this variation of the Dishley Leicester became known as the Border Leicester. They produce good milk and are good mothers with a lambing percentage of about 150%. A separate class for Border Leicesters, distinct from the English Leicester, was first held at the Highland Show in Scotland in 1869. All strains of Border Leicesters are known for their docility. The emphasis on meat production after the 1950's caused Leicester numbers to decline. Both colors are used as bases for nature dyed colors. Their white wool tends to be very long and by Merino standards, broad crimped, and in fineness about 32 to 38 microns, and is used for medium- to heavy-weight garments. However, the Leicester line is present in many of the modern breeds and it remains an excellent maternal breed for producing lambs on pasture. George and Mathew Culley bought some of Robert Bakewell's Dishley Leicesters and the breed was soon found on both sides of the border through sales held by the Culley brothers. They have excellent maternal characteristics meaning that they make good mothers while producing quality lambs. The breeding practices he used and advocated, mating closely related individuals to get desired type, were also influential in the early improvement of many other breeds of livestock. However, the decline of the wool carpet industry in the 1940's resulted in reduced numbers of all longwool breeds including the English and Border Leicesters.  Their white wool tends to be very long and by Merino standards, broad crimped, and in fineness about 32 to 38 microns, and is used for medium- to heavy-weight garments. A pleasure to knit with, this yarn has lovely lustre, strength and drape. Some feel that the Culley brothers developed the Border Leicester by crossing Bakewell's improved Leicester rams with Teeswater ewes. A yearling ewe is around 64 kg (141 lb). The Border Leicester breed became quite a common breed that was found in the UK in the 19th century. 10 … Please mail your original copies with our email form Perhaps both are correct. All rights reserved. document.write('animal-science-mail-form'); Registered flocks are now found in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Border Leicesters give them rapidly growing, high-quality market lambs as well as a much sought after specialty wool crop. Sheep breed compendium, Australian Wool Exchange (AWEX), 2010, North American International Livestock Exposition, "American Border Leicester Association » What is a Border Leicester? Dimensions. The English or "Dishley" (Bakewell's improved breed), the Blueface or "Hexham" and the Border Leicester. T Our bulky and worsted weight yarns are available at Norwich Knits and Must Love Yarn in Shelburne and… The sheep are normally shorn twice a year when the wool has reached a length of around 100 m… Though Border Leicesters in North America have been kept primarily in small purebred flocks, progressive commercial breeders in increasing numbers are realizing greater profits with the breed.