field test of bitumen

0000011385 00000 n The penetration test is carried out to classify bitumens into different grades. 10.1.1.2 Definition. 0000001928 00000 n 10.4.2 Bitumen Extraction Test 10.4.2.1 Scope. Bala is a Planning & QS Engineer working at Megha Engineering & Infrastructure Limited who has more than 9+ Years of experience in Building & Infrastructure. 0000011836 00000 n Based on the bitumen grade, it can be used in related temperature conditions to make the road. Before starting the penetration, the needle should touch the top surface of the bitumen. Allow the bitumen to reach the sufficient melting point then pour that into the container & allow it to cool in the natural atmosphere up to 1 hour. 0000014081 00000 n The adjustment screw of the penetrometer can do it. 0000012964 00000 n Oven a well maintained oven is needed cable of maintaining the temperature at 110 degrees. (I.S. 0000011518 00000 n On the other hand, higher penetration value is preferred in cold conditions to avoid brittleness. %%EOF The grade 80/100 mostly used in India because of hot weather conditions. The force in the layer is also calculated. The apparatus consists of an aluminum float and a … Extraction apparatus, consisting of a bowl and an apparatus in which the bowl may be revolved at controlled variable speeds up to 3600 revolutions per minute. Keywords: aging, laboratory testing, field durability, polymer modified bitumen 1. endstream endobj 840 0 obj<>/Metadata 52 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 49 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 54 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20081119165528)/PageLabels 47 0 R>> endobj 841 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 842 0 obj<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 843 0 obj<> endobj 844 0 obj<> endobj 845 0 obj<> endobj 846 0 obj<> endobj 847 0 obj[/ICCBased 864 0 R] endobj 848 0 obj<> endobj 849 0 obj<> endobj 850 0 obj<> endobj 851 0 obj<> endobj 852 0 obj<> endobj 853 0 obj<>stream Must wear a hand glove while heating the bitumen. – It should contain 10 litres of water & maintain at 25°C. Solubility Test on asphalt bitumen . It should also be 10mm inside of the container, as shown in the below picture. A spirit level at the base to maintain the even surface. He is the author, editor of Civil Planets. This is a basic test for determining the grades of bitumen. A steel ball is placed upon the bitumen sample and the liquid medium is heated at a rate of 5 0 C per minute. 0000006094 00000 n A minimum of 3 tests has to be done for the same sample at different points. This suggests that oxidation mechanisms in the field may not be the same as in the laboratory aging tests. – To immerse the sample container into the water. The scope of this is to provide a method for determining the consistency of semi-solid and solid bituminous materials in which the sole or major constituent is either bitumen or tar pitch. Bitumen is a mixture of organic liquids that is black, highly viscous, sticky product used for paving roads, waterproofing products (used in sealing roofs). The penetrate value difference between those test points should be in the limit as given below. The displacement happening on a thin layer of bitumen can be determined with the help of a sliding plate test. Bitumen penetrated in a semi-solid state at the temperature of 25°C by a steel needle carrying 100gm load for 5 seconds to measure the consistency & hardness of the bitumen is known as a. in India, bitumen’s are available with penetration values varying from 20 to 450. Bituminous mixture, also known as asphalt mixture, is mainly composed by aggregates and bitumen, an infinite variety of mixtures being possible.. – Contains 100gm penetration carrier & graduated scale (1 in 10mm) & a knob to release the weight carrier. The sample bitumen has to be melted at 90°C which must be in uniformity & without bubbles. Tolerance between IA and acceptance tests are in Table 4 01-6. In effect, the test is an indirect determination of high temperature viscosity and low temperature stiffness. Bitumen is very important component of many … The value of penetration is measured in 1/10 … 0000001443 00000 n 0000004980 00000 n Significance of Penetration Test. 0000009151 00000 n field. 3. x���1 0ð4d�z\G����M��y��~���q�` 5� � trailer @}�U�Fu��Oj ��jIBCA��>�w�Mn��[�@���������no4O��b�{�Xc0I$ӵ���¹���=%j8z���B�_f!%!���1$�.��{w^S�]�&*�����ӻ��8t��:d;�l�)��L�4��2���|��Щ��O+��"���� (��yv��f���u���)��ϴ�#���N��Ƞ�A)- ��e5�D=%�(�����D�'R xZ̼f�E��T���8�.���>�)=^CO����J����$����C��Q6�������. Ensure the sample has no water mixed while immersing in a water bath. 0000010181 00000 n <]>> But for certain range of consistencies, these tests are not applicable and Float test is used. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 0000017559 00000 n 0000064153 00000 n xref %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000012920 00000 n Bitumen penetrated in a semi-solid state at the temperature of 25°C by a steel needle carrying 100gm load for 5 seconds to measure the consistency & hardness of the bitumen is known as a penetration test of bitumen. 5… Procedure for Penetration Test of Bitumen . The bitumen is softened to a pouring consistency, stirred well, and poured into the test containers. This section lists the equipment required for bitumen testing, including machines to study the rheological properties of bitumen as well as the features of bituminous emulsion.It includes solutions to perform field tests on road surface. The grade 80/100 represents the penetration value of bitumen that lies between 80 to 100, which is arrived from the penetration test. Ensure the grade of bitumen, whether it is safe to use in construction work. Each test point should be conducted at 10mm away from the previous test point. 0000002935 00000 n Now switch on the water bath & set the temperature 25°C & fill the water in the transfer tray. 0000000016 00000 n Switch on the automatic timer for 5seconds now the needle penetrates slowly to the bitumen & automatically stops the penetration after 5 seconds. Ensure the specimen does it free from moisture & dust. It helps to access the sustainability of bitumen in different weather conditions. 0000002457 00000 n 0000072084 00000 n An asphalt with a high flash point is more likely to have a lower hardening potential in the field. Ensure that there is no oscillation happening while the needle penetrates the bitumen. Balance or scales capable of weighing the sample to an accuracy of 0.05 % of its mass. 0000004397 00000 n 1203-1958). 0000005284 00000 n After that, the steel needle has to be cleaned by the benzene & fix to the weight carrier. 0000005838 00000 n The penetration test of bitumen has been conducted as per. Bitumen: The District Materials Coordinator will test the emulsified asphalt samples for sieve and viscosity only according to tests listed in AASHTO T 59, “Emulsified Asphalts.” The sieve and viscosity tests may be waived if the Engineer determines there is not a consistency problem with the emulsion. To simulate bitumen aging in laboratory, several test methods are currently used, including RTFOT, PAV, and RCAT (Rotating Cylinder Aging Test). 0000005761 00000 n The penetration test of bitumen has been conducted as per IS code 1203. The average value of the 3 test points is the Penetration value of the bitumen. Read a detailed procedure of Bitumen Penetration Test with Sample Data. To measure the hardness, softness, and consistency of the bitumen. x�b```b``������6�A��bl,X��ڦ�����y&B ��LN@�s�z��/�j`@l2F�\�3�Ifnl�Y�Z�Q����D�I��*1%���fK\rY�� ���xX%�!��M%��B���e�dL&jLt���.2d�a��������d�e=����y��Db!� M��h``R6qq��� zK�8 H10 A brass ring containing test sample of bitumen is suspended in liquid like water or glycerin at a given temperature. INTRODUCTION The aging of bituminous binders is one of the key factors determining the lifetime of an asphalt pavement. ���n�VgLaR��@9)9����[鴕�R���4)��rP�#. This is a quality control test which provides methods of extracting the bitumen from the mixed material. Bitumen penetrated in a semi-solid state at the temperature of 25°C by a steel needle carrying 100gm load for 5 seconds to measure the consistency & hardness of the bitumen is known as a penetration test of bitumen. Bitumen Tests- Float Test Normally the consistency of bituminous material can be measured either by penetration test or viscosity test.

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