Flight is heavy and gooselike.  It is known in some other parts as Gaganbher or Gurayin for the resemblance of other calls to thunder or the roar of a tiger. Located below the tongue, the gular is inflated to produce a loud call during breeding season — a siren call of sorts, to let the ladies know the show has begun. The range of the Great Bustard extends from spain through southern and central Europe and across temperate Asia. The great Indian bustard is a large ground bird with a height of about one metre. British soldiers in India considered it a delicacy and the species was among the top game-birds. Learn more about the great Indian bustard. William Henry Sykesnotes that they were com… Bastard definition: Bastard is an insulting word which some people use about a person who has behaved very... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples It’s our heaviest flying bird, sometimes tipping the scales at up to 14 kilograms. The great Indian bustard, "Movement and flock composition of the Great Indian Bustard, "Exploded leks: What bustards can teach us", "Flocking behaviour of a resident population of the great Indian bustard, "Status, threats and conservation of the Great Indian Bustard, "Stomach contents of the Great Indian Bustard, "Food and feeding behaviour of the Great Indian Bustard, "Territorial fighting behaviour of Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps", "Distribution of the Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps (Gruiformes: Otididae) in Gujarat State, India", "Sighting records of Great Indian Bustards, "Ecology and behavior of Great Indian Bustard", "Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary, with special reference to the Great Indian Bustard, "Ecological impact of afforestation at the Ranibennur Blackbuck Sanctuary", "Low genetic diversity in the endangered great Indian bustard (, "Rajasthan announces Project Great Indian Bustard", "Current ecological concerns in the power sector: options to avoid or minimise impacts", "India Succeeds in Breeding the 'Critically Endangered' Great Indian Bustard; Creates World Record", "The Moghul emperors of India as naturalists and sportsmen. The Mughal emperor Babur noted that "[while] the flesh of the leg of some fowls, and of the breast of others is excellent; the flesh of every part of the Kharchal is delicious".  The main threats are hunting and habitat loss. , When the "national bird" of India was under consideration, the great Indian bustard was a proposed candidate (strongly supported by the Indian ornithologist Salim Ali), but dropped in favour of the Indian peafowl with at least one reason being the potential for being misspelt. , The rapid reduction of the population of India's bustards, their endangered status and the decline of grasslands led the Ministry of Environment and Forests to prepare species recovery programs in 2012 for three species of bustard; the great Indian bustard, the Bengal florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis) and the lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus). , The great Indian bustard is omnivorous. Males are much larger than the females and the sexes do not mix much outside of the breeding season. Attempts to breed them in captivity in the 1970s failed.  The bustard is critically endangered in Pakistan primarily due to lack of protection and rampant hunting. , 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22691932A134188105.en, "Only 150 Great Indian Bustards Left In India | The Weather Channel", "Status, threats and conservation of the Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps (Vigors) in Pakistan (1079)", "Houbara Foundation conducts survey for Great Indian Bustard", "Running out of time? Males may however distribute themselves close together and like other bustards they are believed to use a mating system that has been termed as an "exploded or dispersed lek". , Among bustards, this species is smaller only than the Kori bustard and the great bustard in size.  Other trapping methods involving the use of nooses are described by Hume in his "Game Birds of India".  The great Indian bustard was however a cryptic and wary bird making it a challenge for sportsmen, who had to stalk carefully (sometimes using covered bullock carts) to get within range. Recently, bustards have re-captured the attention of the scientific community because of their strange mating rituals. , Current threats to the species include the development of linear infrastructure intrusions such as roads and electric power lines in the desert that lead to collision-related mortality. Breeding in Eurasia: ec, wc; can be seen in 67 countries. Highly gregarious, especially in winter. Great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps), large bird of the bustard family (Otididae), one of the heaviest flying birds in the world. Today the bustard is restricted to isolated pockets in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan (shared with Pakistan).
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