Norway maple sits ambiguously between hard and soft maple. I remember an old local guy named Simmie Again of Lambertville, NJ who had some 20-25" wide flitches of this wood filled with tight big knots - it was nice material. However, with its fast growth, dense shade, and shallow roots, the species has since demonstrated itself to be a proficiently invasive species. It is a species unto itself. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Norway maple sits ambiguously between hard and soft maple with a Janka hardness of 1,010 lbf or 4,500 N. The wood is rated as non-durable to perishable in regard to decay resistance. Hard maple is defined as sugar maple and black maple only. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. > Hardwoods > Sapindaceae > Acer > platanoides, Distribution: Europe and western Asia; also planted in North America, Average Dried Weight: 40.3 lbs/ft3 (645 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .50, .65, *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity, Modulus of Rupture: 16,680 lbf/in2(115.0 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,538,000 lbf/in2(10.60 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,560 lbf/in2(59.0 MPa). Norway Maple– It’s a hard maple that burns really well when seasoned. Identification: See the article on Hardwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features. Norway maple can also be … I have had several nice Norway maple butt … Color/Appearance: Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. Allergies/Toxicity: Norway maple, along with other maples in the Acer genus have been reported to cause skin irritation, runny nose, and asthma-like respiratory effects. Sapwood color ranges from almost white, to a light golden or reddish brown, while the heartwood is a darker reddish brown. I have had several nice Norway maple butt logs over the years. A lot are Norways, which have the leaves of a hard maple but grow very fast. The hard and soft maple division is primarily a North American categorization meant to distinguish hard maple from the various other species of softer maples.) Many times I cannot tell. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, North American categorization meant to distinguish hard maple from the various other species of softer maples. In Europe, it is used for furniture, flooring and musical instruments. Pricing/Availability: Should be very moderately priced where available domestically (this species is native to Europe), though figured pieces such as curly or quilted grain patterns are likely to be much more expensive. Identifying Norway Maple and Sugar Maple Trees Many maple trees live in the forests that line the valley and bluff of the Illinois River. It will produce 24.0 million BTU’s per cord. Norway maple bears closest relation to field maple, another European species with an intermediate hardness. It is a native tree of Europe that was brought over to the USA and since has been prolific and is considered a weed species as the tree in the forest creates a dense canopy that retards sprouting of understory trees, plus other undesirable features. Norway maple (Acer platanoides) was introduced by botanist John Bartram of Philadelphia from England to the U.S. in 1756. From Professor Gene Wengert, forum technical advisor: Question It is slightly softer than hard maple, but exact density I do not know. Should I sell as "hard maple"? (Sawing and Drying Forum) Lookalikes/Substitutes: Sometimes confused with other European maples such as field maple (Acer campestre) and sycamore maple (A. pseudoplatanus). Common Uses: Veneer, paper (pulpwood), boxes, crates/pallets, musical instruments, turned objects, and other small specialty wood items. Norway maple can also be seen with curly or quilted grain patterns. Turns, glues, and finishes well, though blotches can occur when staining, and a pre-conditioner, gel stain, or toner may be necessary to get an even color. Also occasionally harvested on a limited basis in North America. Sapwood color ranges from almost white, to a light golden or reddish brown, while the heartwood is a darker reddish brown. It has been planted on farms and in towns for its shade, hardiness, and adaptability to adverse conditions, which has ensured that the maple, when planted, would spread like wildfire. Likewise, it is not a soft maple. Many Stradivarius and other older Italian violins are suspected to have been constructed from Norway maple. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. This species as grown in the former Yugoslavia is also called Bosnian Maple, and is probably the Maple used by the famous Italian violin makers, Stradivari Norway maple tends to have more variation in ray width, ranging from narrow to wide, with the widest rays being more pronounced than field maple. I know it's a hybrid, but the lumber is just as heavy and dense as hard maple. Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a fine, uniform texture. Color/Appearance: Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. Norway Maple blow-down Norway Maples have severe environmental impacts: They grow faster than native maples and other forest trees and its dense, shallow root system makes it difficult for native seedlings to get established. Norway maple matches hard sugar maple very well, but there are grain differences, faint but there, so subtle many people will never notice. (Properly, it is neither. The wood is hard, yellowish-white to pale reddish, with the heartwood not distinct; it is used for furniture and turnery. > Hardwoods > Sapindaceae > Acer > Related species, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Conclusion. Once in a while there are slight brown flecks which are more common in soft maple varieties. Comments: Norway maple has been planted throughout North America as a shade tree, particularly as a replacement to the many elm trees that were lost to Dutch elm disease during the middle of the 20th century. I get a lot of yard trees from local tree service companies and city foresters. Dust Collection, Safety and Plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, Strictly speaking, Norway Maple is its own species, not classified as either Hard Maple or Soft Maple. Once in a while there are slight brown flecks which are more common in soft maple varieties. Images: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable in regard to decay resistance. Watch video of wood finish being applied. I have seen them naturalized in the woods, but still good logs from this tree are uncommon in the northeast. Arrangement: solitary and radial multiples, Vessels: small to medium; moderately numerous, Rays: both narrow and wide; normal spacing. Sugar Maple– The best of the soft maple, you’ll be happy burning sugar maple. It is not a hybrid. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Many times I cannot tell. They tend to be a branchy tree growing in open areas. Forum Responses Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Norway maple matches hard sugar maple very well, but there are grain differences, faint but there, so subtle many people will never notice.
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