The meaning of the scientific name is prickly pine cone tree. Characteristics and Overstory Composition of an Old-Growth Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata Mill.) Shortleaf pine trees are a member of the Pinaceae family. 2015 for their study. Pinus echinata. If a sapling is killed by fire or broken it will sprout again and form a new tree. The binomial name is Pinus echinata. It was classified and named in 1768. What are some defining characteristics of the Shortleaf Pine? Nevertheless, loblolly pine experienced superior growth characteristics. Yellow pine is one of the only pines that sprout. Forest in the Ozark Highlands, Missouri, USA. Stambaugh1 R. M. Muzika R. P. Guyette Department of Forestry University of Missouri-Columbia 203 ABNR Building Columbia, MO 65211 USA • R E S E A R C H A R T I C L E 1 corresponding author e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Natural Areas Journal … OTHER COMMON NAMES: southern yellow pine, shortleaf yellow pine, oldfield pine, shortstraw pine, Arkansas soft pine. Yellow pine is a pitch-forming tree, meaning it contains a high amount of sticky resin or sap. Virginia Pine. Take one of the species of southern yellow pine, Shortleaf Pine, for instance: it has strength properties that are roughly equivalent to Red Oak (with the notable exception of hardness) —and in some categories, such as compression strength parallel to the grain, the pine is actually stronger! Shortleaf pine forests and associated habitats once covered a vast area of the continent stretching from eastern Texas and Oklahoma to the eastern seaboard from New Jersey down to Florida. What is the scientific name of the Shortleaf Pine? A detailed comparison of other important characteristics of shortleaf pine relative to loblolly pine including wood quality, crown size, and bark thickness can be found in Dipesh et al. Yellow or shortleaf pine is softer than white pine. Pinaceae . The longleaf x shortleaf pine hybrid is difficult to produce and crosses have yielded only a few seedlings. The shortleaf pine has the unusual ability to naturally hybridize with either the loblolly pine or the pitch pine in areas when these varieties grow nearby. What is the tree shown?-Small, scaly plates-Shortest needles-Similar cone to Shortleaf-Poor growth form (Twisty with weak roots)-2 needles/ fascicle. M.C. Its colour tends to be darker than that of white pine, as well. *(From Little, 1979.) Tree Characteristics: Height at maturity: Typical: 24 to 30 m (80 to 100 ft) Maximum: 44 m (146 ft) Diameter at breast height at maturity: Typical: 50 to 90 cm (20 to 36 in) Maximum: 120 cm (48 in) Crown shape: small, open, narrowly conical . Characteristics of most shortleaf hybrids, as well as other pine hybrids, are intermediate between the parent species. Fusiform rust resistance of shortleaf x slash hybrids, however, is closer to shortleaf pine than slash pine (66). What family is the Shortleaf Pine in?